Quellen medizinischer Inhalte

S3-Richtlinien

1 Schnarchen

  • Stuck BA, Braumann Bert, Heiser Clemens, Herzog Michael, Maurer Joachim T., Plößl Sebastian, Steffen Armin, Sommer J. Ulrich, Verse Thomas, Hofauer Benedikt (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Hals-Chirurgie e. V. DGHNO-KHC). S3-Leitlinie (Langfassung) Diagnostik und Therapie des Schnarchens des Erwachsenen. AWMF-Register-Nr. 017/068

2 Schlafapnoe

  • Deutsche Gesellschaft für Schlafforschung und Schlafmedizin (DGSM). S3 Leitlinie Nicht erholsamer Schlaf/Schlafstörung Kapitel „Schlafbezogene Atmungsstörungen bei Erwachsenen“. AWMF-Register Nr. 063/001
  • Stuck BA, Arzt M., Fietze I. et al. Teil-Aktualisierung S3-Leitlinie Schlafbezogene Atmungsstörungen bei Erwachsenen. Somnologie 24, 176–208 (2020)

Literatur

  • Stuck BA. Schnarchen des Erwachsenen. 1. Aufl. Berlin: Springer; 2019
  • Schäfer JW. Schnarchen und Schlaf-Apnoe: Pathophysiologie, Diagnostik und Therapie schlafbezogener Atemstörungen. 1. Aufl. Stuttgart: Thieme; 1996
  • Peter H., Penzel Th., Peter JH., Peter JG. Enzyklopädie der Schlafmedizin. 2. Aufl. Berlin: Springer; 2024
  • Stuck BA., Maurer JT., Schlarb A., Schredl M, Weeß HG. Praxis der Schlafmedizin: Diagnostik, Differenzialdiagnostik und Therapie bei Erwachsenen und Kindern. 3. Aufl. Berlin: Springer; 2017
  • Crönlein T, Galetke W, Young P. Schlafmedizin 1×1: Praxisorientiertes Basiswissen. 2. Aufl. Berlin: Springer; 2020
  • Lambert S. Atmung, Schnarchen und Schlafapnoe: Behandlung der Atemwege in der modernen Präventivmedizin und -zahnmedizin. 1. Auflage. Berlin: Quintessenz; 2024
  • Pollmächer T, Wetter TC, BAssetti CLA, Högl B, Randerath W, Wiater A. Handbuch Schlafmedizin. 1. Auflage. München: Urban & Fischer; 2020

Klinische Studien

Diese klinische Studien haben den Zusammenhang von oralem Üben auf Schlafatmung, Schlafqualität und (verbesserte) Tagesmüdigkeit untersucht und gelten als methodische Grundlage zur SchnarchFrei Therapie:

  1. Guimarães KC, Drager LF, Genta PR, Marcondes BF, Lorenzi-Filho G. Effects of oropharyngeal exercises on patients with moderate obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 2009 May 15;179(10):962-6
  2. Diaferia G, Badke L, Santos-Silva R, Bommarito S, Tufik S, Bittencourt L. Effect of speech therapy as adjunct treatment to continuous positive airway pressure on the quality of life of patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep Medicine. 2013 Jul; 14(7): 628-35.
  3. Ieto V, Kayamori F, Montes MI, Hirata RP, Gregório MG, Alencar AM, et al. Effects of Oropharyngeal Exercises on Snoring: A Randomized Trial. Chest. September 2015 Volume 148, Issue 3, Pages 683–691
  4. De Felício CM, Da Silva Dias FV, Trawitzki LVV.
    Obstructive sleep apnea: focus on myofunctional therapy. Nature and Science of Sleep-medicine. 2018 Sep 6:10:271-286.
  5. Lins-Filho OL, Pedrosa RP, Gomes JML, Moraes SL D, Vasconcelos BCE, Lemos CAA et al. Effect of exercise training on subjective parameters in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sleep Medicine. 2020 May:69:1-7
  6. Suzuki M, Okamoto T, Akagi Y, Sekiguchi H, Matsui K, Satoya N et al. Impact on Oral Myofunctional Therapy to Treat The Patients with Moderate to Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea .Sleep, Volume 42, Issue Supplement_1, April 2019, Page A225.
  7. Verma RK, Johnson JR, Goyal M, Banumathy N, Goswami U, Panda NK. Oropharyngeal exercises in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea: our experience. Sleep & Breathing. 2016 Dec; 20(4):1193-1201.
  8. Andhare N, Yeole U, Deshpande S. Effect of Oropharyngeal Exercise on Obstructive Sleep Apnea. International Journal of Allied Medical Sciences and Clinical Research. 2018; 6(4): 887-893.
  9. Kaur J, Rai K, Kumari V, Sarin J. Effectiveness of Oropharyngeal Exercises on Daytime Sleepiness, Snoring and Risk of Obstructive Sleep Apnea among Adults. International Journal of Health Sciences & Research. 2019; 9(1):120-127.
  10. Kaur A, Mitra M. Effect of oropharyngeal exercises and Pranayama on snoring, daytime sleepiness and quality of sleep in patients with moderate obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome. European Respiratory Journal. 2019. 54: PA577
  11. Nemati S, Gerami H, Soltanipour S, Saberi A, Moghadam SK, Setva F. The effects of oropharyngeal-lingual exercises in patients with primary snoring. European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology. 2015 Apr; 272(4):1027-1031.
  12. Camacho M, Guilleminault C, Wei JM, Song SA, Noller MW, Reckley LK et al. Oropharyngeal and tongue exercises (myofunctional therapy) for snoring: a systematic review and meta-analysis. European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology.2018 Apr; 275(4):849-855.
  13. Goswami U, Black A, Krohn B, Meyers W, Iber C. Smartphone-based delivery of oropharyngeal exercises for treatment of snoring: a randomized controlled trial. Sleep & Breathing. 2019 Mar; 23(1): 243-250.
  14. Baz H, Elshafey M, Elmorsy SM, Abu-Samra M. The role of oral myofunctional therapy in managing patients with mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnea. PAN Arab Journal of Rhinology, 2012 March. Vol. 2, No. 1, page 17-22.
  15. Mohamed AS, Sharshar RS, Elkolaly RM, Serageldin SM. Upper airway muscle exercises outcome in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis. 2017, vol 66., Nr. 1, S. 121-125.
  16. Ye D, Chen C, Song D, Shen M, Liu H, Zhang S et al. Oropharyngeal Muscle Exercise Therapy Improves Signs and Symptoms of Post-stroke Moderate Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome. Frontiers in Neurology. 2018 Oct 29:9:912.
  17. Ojay A, Ernst E. Can singing exercises reduce snoring? A pilot study. Complementary Therapies in Medicine. 2000 Sep; 8(3):151-6.
  18. Puhan MA, Suarez A, Cascio CL, Zahn A, Heitz M, Braendli O. Didgeridoo playing as alternative treatment for obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome: randomised controlled trial. British Medical Journal. 2006 Feb 4; 332(7536): 266-270.
  19. Kayamori F, Bianchini E MG. Effects of orofacial myofunctional therapy on the symptoms and physiological parameters of sleep breathing disorders in adults: a systematic review. Revista CEFAC – Speech, Language, Hearing Sciences and Educational Journal. December 2017. 19(6): 868-878.
  20. Camacho M, Certal V, Abdullatif J, Zaghi S, Ruoff CM, Capasso R, Kushida CA. Myofunctional Therapy to Treat Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Sleep. 2015 May 1; 38(5):669-75.
  21. Van der Weijden FN, Lobbezoo F, Slot DE. The effect of playing a wind instrument or singing on risk of sleep apnea: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine. 2020 Sep 15; 16(9):1591-1601.
  22. Diaféria G, Santos-Silva R, Truksinas E, Haddad FLM, Santos R, Bommarito S et al. Myofunctional therapy improves adherence to continuous positive airway pressure treatment. Sleep and Breathing. 2017 May;21(2):387-395.
  23. Baba RY. Role of playing wind instruments and singing in snoring and obstructive sleep apnea. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine. 2020 Sep 15; 16(9):1429-1430
  24. Rueda JR, Mugueta-Aguinaga I, Vilaró J, Rueda-Etxebarria M. Myofunctional therapy (oropharyngeal exercises) for obstructive sleep apnoea. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2020 Nov 3; 11(11):CD013449.
  25. Steele CM. On the plausibility of upper airway remodeling as an outcome of orofacial exercise. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 2009 May 15; 179(10):858-9.
  26. Liu H, Jin J, Qiu Y. The treatment progress of myofunctional therapy for obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome. Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery. 2018 Apr; 32(8):629-633.
  27. O’Connor-Reina C, Garcia JMI, Rodriguez Ruiz E, Dominguez MCM, Barrios VI, Jardin PB et al. Myofunctional Therapy App for Severe Apnea-Hypopnea Sleep Obstructive Syndrome: Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR mHealth and uHealth . 2020 Nov 9; 8(11):e23123.
  28. Tom Jose EJ, Kalpana AP, D’Couto EM. Effect of oropharyngeal exercises on snorers: An experimental study. 2012. Dissertation submitted to The Tamilnadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University.
  29. De Castro Corrêa C, Kayamori F, Weber SAT, Bianchini E MG. Scientific production of Brazilian speech language pathologists in sleep medicine. Sleep science. 2018 May-Jun; 11(3):183-210
  30. Mediano O, Romero-Peralta S, Resano P, Cano-Pumarega I, Sánchez-de-la-Torre M, Castillo-García M et al. Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Emerging Treatments Targeting the Genioglossus Muscle. Journal of clinical medicine. 2019 Oct 22; 8(10):1754
  31. Pai I, Lo S, Wolf D, Kajieker A. The effect of singing on snoring and daytime somnolence. Sleep & Breathing. 2008 Aug; 12(3):265-8
  32. Guilleminault C, Huang YS, Monteyrol PJ, Sato R, Quo S, Lin CH. Critical role of myofascial reeducation in pediatric sleep-disordered breathing. Sleep Medicine. 2013 Jun; 14(6):518-25
  33. Villa MP, Brasili L, Ferretti A, Vitelli O, Rabasco J, Mazzotta AR et al . Oropharyngeal exercises to reduce symptoms of OSA after AT. Sleep & Breathing. 2015 Mar; 19(1):281-9
  34. Wu LM, Wu XF, Yu ZM, Liu Y. Systematic review on orofacial myofunctional therapy to treat obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome. Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery. 2017 Nov 20; 31(22):1774-1777
  35. Hsu B, Emperumal CP, Grbach VX, Padilla M, Enciso R. Effects of respiratory muscle therapy on obstructive sleep apnea: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of clinical sleep medicine. 2020 May 15; 1 6(5):785-801
  36. Torres-Castro R, Vilaró J, Martí JD, Garmendia O, Gimeno-Santos E, Romano-Andrioni R et al. Effects of a Combined Community Exercise Program in Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Journal of clinical medicine.  2019 Mar 14; 8(3):361.
  37. Suzuki H, Yoshimiura M, Iwata Y,  Oguchi S, Kawara M, Chow CM. Lip muscle training improves obstructive sleep apnea and objective sleep: a case report. Sleep science. 2017 Jul-Sep; 10(3):128-131.
  38. Bellur N, Arikan H, Caliskan H, Calik E, Vardar-Yagli N, Saglam M et al. Effects of oropharyngeal exercises on antropometric measures and symptoms in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. European Respiratory Journal. 2012 40: P492
  39. Kittivoravitkul P, Laohaviranit C, Wongpaiboonwatana S. Randomized trial of oropharyngeal exercises plus incentive spirometry on patients with mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. European Respiratory Journal. 2018 52: PA2263
  40. Villa MP, Evangelisti M, Martella S, Barreto M, Del Pozzo M. Can myofunctional therapy increase tongue tone and reduce symptoms in children with sleep-disordered breathing? Sleep & Breathing. 2017 Dec; 21(4): 1025-1032
  41. Wang W, Di C, Skaff M, Wang L, Mark H. Tongue Function: An Underrecognized Component in the Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea with Mandibular Repositioning Appliance. Canadian Respiratory Journal. 2018 Nov 6: 2018:2157974
  42. Pitta DBS, Pessoa AF, Sampaio AL, Rodrigues RN, Tavares MG, Tavares P. Oral Myofunctional Therapy Applied on Two Cases of Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome. International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology. 2007. Vol.11, no. 3, p. 350-354
  43. Cooper A. Orofacial myology and myofunctional therapy for sleep related breathing disorders. Sleep Medicine Clinics, 2010, 5. Jg., Nr. 1, S. 109-113.
  44. Younis A, Baz H, Maksoud AA. Upper Airway Exercises in Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea. 2011. Thoracic Medicine Department, Phoniatrics Unit, ENT Department, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University.
  45. Nóbrega-Júnior JCN, De Andrade AD, De Andrade EAM, Do Amparo Andrade M, Santana Valadares Ribeiro A, Pinto Pedrosa R et al. Inspiratory Muscle Training in the Severity of Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Sleep Quality and Excessive Daytime Sleepiness: A Placebo-Controlled, Randomized Trial. Nature and science of sleep. 2020 Dec 2:12:1105-1113 .
  46. Guimaraes KC, Protetti HM. The phonoaudiological work at obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep. 2003;26:A209.
  47. Pathak H, Arora S, Roge P. Effectiveness Of Oropharyngeal Exercises In Patients with Moderate Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Syndrome. Indian Journal of Basic and Applied Medical Research. March 2018: Vol.7, Issue 2, P. 43-48
  48. Oh SM, Kim JH, Kim SH. Upper airway myofunctional exercise: a systematic review. Journal of Korean Medical Association. April 2019. 62(4):224
  49. De Castro Corrêa C, Berretin-Felix G. Myofunctional therapy applied to upper airway resistance syndrome: a case report. CoDas. (Communication Disorders, Audiology and Swallowing). 2015 Nov-Dec;27(6):604-9.
  50. Liu Y, Zhou JR, Xie SQ, Yang X, Chen JL. The Effects of Orofacial Myofunctional Therapy on Children with OSAHS’s Craniomaxillofacial Growth: A Systematic Review. Children. 2023 Mar 31;10(4):670
  51. Poncin W, Correvon N, Tam J, Borel JC, Berger M, Liistro G et al. The effect of tongue elevation muscle training in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: A randomised controlled trial. Journal of oral rehabilitation. 2022 Nov; 49(11):1049-1059.
  52. Hilton M, Savage J, Hunter B, McDonald S, Repanos C, Powell R. Singing Exercises Improve Sleepiness and Frequency of Snoring among Snorers – A Randomised Controlled Trial. International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery, Vol. 2 No. 3, 2013, pp. 97-102.
  53. Koka V, De Vito A, Roisman G, Petitjean M, Pignatelli GRF, Padovani D et al. Orofacial Myofunctional Therapy in Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome: A Pathophysiological Perspective. Medicina (Kaunas). 2021 Apr 1;57(4):323.
  54. Huang YS, Hsu SC, Guilleminault C, Chuang LC. Myofunctional Therapy: Role in Pediatric OSA. Sleep Medicine Clinics. 2019 Mar; 14(1):135-142.
  55. Çakmakcı S, Alpaydın AÖ, Özalevli S, Öztura I, İtil BO. The effect of oropharyngeal exercise in patients with moderate and severe obstructive sleep apnea using CPAP: a randomized controlled study. Sleep & Breathing. 2022 Jun; 26(2):567-574.
  56. Saba ES, Kim H, Huynh P, Jiang N. Orofacial Myofunctional Therapy for Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. The Laryngoscope. 2024 Jan; 134(1):480-495.
  57. Poncin W, Willemsens A, Gely L, Contal O. Assessment and rehabilitation of tongue motor skills with myofunctional therapy in obstructive sleep apnea: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of clinical sleep medicine. 2024 Feb 28.

Weitere medizinische Themen und Inhalte der App

Anatomie des Schnarchens

  • Estrella J M, Aguilar PD, Ayuso RC, Ferrera RC. Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome Implications on Health and Adherence to CPAP Treatment. Health. 2015, 7, 639-652
  • Chang ET, Baik G, Torre C, Brietzke SE, Camacho M. The relationship of the uvula with snoring and obstructive sleep apnea: a systematic review. Sleep & breathing. 2018 Dec;22(4):955-961
  • Patel JA, Ray BJ, Fernandez-Salvador C, Gouveia C, Zaghi S, Camacho M. Neuromuscular function of the soft palate and uvula in snoring and obstructive sleep apnea: A systematic review. American Journal of otolaryngology. 2018 May-Jun;39(3):327-337.
  • Zhao C, Viana A, Ma Y, Capasso R. High Tongue Position is a Risk Factor for Upper Airway Concentric Collapse in Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Observation Through Sleep Endoscopy. Nature and science of sleep. 2020 Oct 19:12:767-774
  • Lim JS, Lee JW, Han C, Kwon JW. Correlation of soft palate length with velum obstruction and severity of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2018 Jun;45(3):499-503
  • Finkelstein Y, Wolf L, Nachmani A, Lipowezky U, Rub M, Shemer S et al. Velopharyngeal anatomy in patients with obstructive sleep apnea versus normal subjects. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. 2014 Jul;72(7):1350-72
  • Woo P. Acquired laryngomalacia: epiglottis prolapse as a cause of airway obstruction. The Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology. 1992 Apr;101(4):314-20
  • Kayamori F, Rabelo FAW, Nazario D, Thuller ER, Mandelbaum Gonçalves Bianchini E. Myofunctional assessment for obstructive sleep apnea and the association with patterns of upper airway collapse: a preliminary study. Sleep science. 2022 Jan-Mar;15(1):95-104
  • Krmpotić-Nemanić J, Vinter I, Marotti I, Nemanić Jr G. Possible anatomical base of snoring. Acta oto-laryngolorica. 1991;111(2):389-91
  • Mariën S, Schmelzer B. Velopharyngeal anatomy in snorers and patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Acta oto-rhino-laryngologica Belgica. 2002;56(2):93-9.
  • Leitzen KP, Brietzke SE, Lindsay RW. Correlation between nasal anatomy and objective obstructive sleep apnea severity. Otolaryngology Head and Neck surgery. 2014 Feb;150(2):325-31. doi: 10.1177/0194599813515838
  • Pevernagie D, Aarts RM, De Meyer M. The acoustics of snoring. Sleep medicine reviews. 2010 Apr;14(2):131-44.
  • Georgalas C. The role of the nose in snoring and obstructive sleep apnoea: an update. European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology. 2011 Sep;268(9):1365-73.
  • Bailey DR. Oral evaluation and upper airway anatomy associated with snoring and obstructive sleep apnea. Dental clinics of North America. 2001 Oct;45(4):715-32.
  • Hamans EP, Van Marck EA, De Backer WA, Creten W, Van de Heyning PH. Morphometric analysis of the uvula in patients with sleep-related breathing disorders. European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology. 2000;257(4):232-6.
  • Schäfer J. How can one recognize a velum snorer? Laryngo-rhino-otologie. 1989 May;68(5):290-4.
  • Zhou N, Ho JP TF, De Vries N, Bosschieter PFN, Ravesloot MJL, De Lange J. Evaluation of drug-induced sleep endoscopy as a tool for selecting patients with obstructive sleep apnea for maxillomandibular advancement. Journal of clinical sleep medicine. 2022 Apr 1;18(4):1073-1081.
  • Kastoer C, Benoist LBL, Dieltjens M, Torensma B, Ce Vries LH, Vonk PE et al. Comparison of upper airway collapse patterns and its clinical significance: drug-induced sleep endoscopy in patients without obstructive sleep apnea, positional and non-positional obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep and breathing. 2018 Dec;22(4):939-948.
  • Catalfumo FJ, Golz A, Westerman ST, Gilbert LM, Joachims HZ, Goldenberg D. The epiglottis and obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome. Journal of laryngology and otology. 1998 Oct;112(10):940-3.
  • Torre C, Camacho M, Liu SYC, Huon LK, Capasso R. Epiglottis collapse in adult obstructive sleep apnea: A systematic review. Laryngoscope. 2016 Feb;126(2):515-23.
  • Francia C, Lugo R, Moffa A, Casale M, Giorgi L, Iafrati F et al. Defining Epiglottic Collapses Patterns in Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients: Francia-Lugo Classification. Healthcare. 2023 Oct 31;11(21):2874.
  • Kuo IC, Hsin LJ, Lee LA, Fang TJ, Tsai MS, Lee YC et al. Prediction of Epiglottic Collapse in Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients: Epiglottic Length. Nature and science of sleep. 2021 Nov 3:13:1985-1992.
  • Shih HW, Chen YL, Lin HC, Kuo TBJ, Yang CCH, Chiu FH et al. Potential Treatments for Epiglottic Collapse in Obstructive Sleep Apnea: How Modified Drug-Induced Sleep Endoscopy Help? Otolaryngology, head and neck surgery. 2024 Mar;170(3):952-961.
  • Kim HY, Sung CM, Jang HB, Kim HC, Lim SC, Yang HC. Patients with epiglottic collapse showed less severe obstructive sleep apnea and good response to treatment other than continuous positive airway pressure: a case-control study of 224 patients. Journal of clinical sleep medicine. 2021 Mar 1;17(3):413-419.
  • Matej Delakorda 1 2, Nina Ovsenik. Epiglottis shape as a predictor of obstruction level in patients with sleep apnea. Sleep and breathing. 2019 Mar;23(1):311-317.
  • Gazayerli M, Bleibel W, Elhorr A, Maxwell D, Seifeldin R. A correlation between the shape of the epiglottis and obstructive sleep apnea. Surgical endoscopy. 2006 May;20(5):836-7.
  • Sung CM, Kim HC, Kim J, Kim JG, Lim SC, Shin MH et al. Patients with Epiglottic Collapse Are Less Adherent to Autotitrating Positive Airway Pressure Therapy for Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Annals of American thoracic society. 2022 Nov;19(11):1907-1912.
  • Kim AM, Keenan BT, Jackson N, Chan EL, Staley B, Poptani H et al. Tongue fat and its relationship to obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep. 2014 Oct 1;37(10):1639-48.
  • Weiss TM, Atanasov S, Calhoun KH. The association of tongue scalloping with obstructive sleep apnea and related sleep pathology. Otolaryngology, head and neck surgery. 2005 Dec;133(6):966-71.
  • Pae EK, Lowe AA. Tongue shape in obstructive sleep apnea patients. Angle orthodontist. 1999 Apr;69(2):147-50.
  • Yuen HM, Au CT, Wing Chu WC, Li AM, Chan KCC. Reduced tongue mobility: an unrecognized risk factor of childhood obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep. 2022 Jan 11;45(1):zsab217.
  • Fukuda T, Kohzuka Y, Almeida FR, Iijima T, Masuda R, Tsuiki S. Control of Tongue Position in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Concept and Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Crossover Trial. International journal of environmental research and public health. 2023 Jun 1;20(11):6026.
  • Cori JM, O’Donoghue F, Jordan AS. Sleeping tongue: current perspectives of genioglossus control in healthy individuals and patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Nature and science of sleep. 2018 Jun 15:10:169-179.
  • Pasman JW, Joosten EM, Wouters HJ. Increased daytime sleepiness and snoring–obstructive sleep apnea syndrome caused by webbing of the soft palate. Clinical neurology and neurosurgery. 1988;90(1):75-8.
  • Park JA, Cha H, Kim SK, Woo H, Han SC, Kim DW et al Kim. Optimal application of soft-palate webbing flap pharyngoplasty combined with nasal surgery for surgical treatment of primary snoring and obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep and breathing. 2022 Dec;26(4):1963-1971.
  • Elbassiouny AMME. Soft palatal webbing flap palatopharyngoplasty for both soft palatal and oropharyngeal lateral wall collapse in the treatment of snoring and obstructive sleep apnea: a new innovative technique without tonsillectomy. Sleep and breathing. 2015 May;19(2):481-7.

Schlaflage, Liegeposition

  • Ozeke O, Erturk O, Gungor M, Hızel SB, Aydın D, Celenk MK et al. Influence of the right- versus left-sided sleeping position on the apnea-hypopnea index in patients with sleep apnea. Sleep and breathing. 2012 Sep;16(3):617-20
  • Zhang Y, Xiao A, Zheng T, Xiao H, Huang R. The Relationship between Sleeping Position and Sleep Quality: A Flexible Sensor-Based Study. Sensors. 2022 Aug; 22(16): 6220.
  • George CF, Millar TW, Kryger MH. Sleep apnea and body position during sleep. Sleep. 1988 Feb;11(1):90-9
  • Ravesloot MJL, Van Maanen JP, Dun L, De Vries N. The undervalued potential of positional therapy in position-dependent snoring and obstructive sleep apnea-a review of the literature. Sleep and breathing. 2013 Mar;17(1):39-49
  • Afrashi A, Ucar ZZ. Effect of prone positioning in mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Sleep and breathing. 2015 Sep;19(3):1027-34
  • Menon A, Kumar M. Influence of Body Position on Severity of Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Systematic Review. ISRN Otolaryngology. 2013; 2013: 670381.
  • Nakano H, Ikeda T, Hayashi M, Ohshima E, Onizuka A. Effects of body position on snoring in apneic and nonapneic snorers. Sleep. 2003 Mar 15;26(2):169-72
  • Lee JB, Park YH, Hong JH, Lee SH, Jung KH, Kim JH et al. Determining optimal sleep position in patients with positional sleep-disordered breathing using response surface analysis. Journal of sleep research. 2009 Mar;18(1):26-35
  • Richard W, Kox D, Den Herder C, Laman M, Van Tinteren H, De Vries N. The role of sleep position in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology. 2006 Oct;263(10):946-50
  • Joosten SA, O’Driscoll DM, Berger PJ, Hamilton GS. Supine position related obstructive sleep apnea in adults: pathogenesis and treatment. Sleep medicine reviews. 2014 Feb;18(1):7-17
  • Bidarian-Moniri A, Nilsson M, Rasmusson L, Attia J, Ejnell H. The effect of the prone sleeping position on obstructive sleep apnoea. Acta oto-laryngologica. 2015 Jan;135(1):79-84

Ernährung, Essen und Schlaf

  • Chung N, Bin YS, Cistulli PA, Chow CM. Does the Proximity of Meals to Bedtime Influence the Sleep of Young Adults? A Cross-Sectional Survey of University Students. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020 Apr; 17(8): 2677.
  • Pattnaik H, Mir M, Boike S, Kashyap R, Khan SA, Surani S. Nutritional Elements in Sleep. Cureus. 2022 Dec; 14(12): e32803.
  • Binks H, Vincent GE, Gupta C, Irwin C, Khalesi S. Effects of Diet on Sleep: A Narrative Review. Nutrients. 2020 Mar 27;12(4):936.
  • Godos J, Grosso G, Castellano S, Galvano F, Caraci F, Ferri R. Association between diet and sleep quality: A systematic review. Sleep medicine reviews. 2021 Jun:57:101430
  • Zuraikat FM, Wood RA, Barragán R, St-Onge MP. Sleep and Diet: Mounting Evidence of a Cyclical Relationship. Annual review of nutrition. 2021 Oct 11:41:309-332.
  • St-Onge MP, Mikic A, Pietrolungo CE. Effects of Diet on Sleep Quality. Advances in nutrition. 2016 Sep 15;7(5):938-49
  • Peuhkuri K, Sihvola N, Korpela R. Diet promotes sleep duration and quality. Nutrition research. 2012 May;32(5):309-19.

Sauerkirsche

  • Chung J, Choi M, Lee K. Effects of Short-Term Intake of Montmorency Tart Cherry Juice on Sleep Quality after Intermittent Exercise in Elite Female Field Hockey Players: A Randomized Controlled Trial. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022 Aug; 19(16): 10272.
  • Howatson G, Bell PG, Tallent J, Middleton B, McHugh MP, Ellis J. Effect of tart cherry juice (Prunus cerasus) on melatonin levels and enhanced sleep quality. European journal of nutrition. 2012 Dec;51(8):909-16.
  • Losso JM, Finley JW, Karki N, Liu AG, Prudente A, Tipton R et al. Pilot Study of the Tart Cherry Juice for the Treatment of Insomnia and Investigation of Mechanisms. American journal of therapeutics. 2018 Mar/Apr;25(2):e194-e201.
  • Pigeon WR, Carr M, Gorman C, Perlis ML. Effects of a Tart Cherry Juice Beverage on the Sleep of Older Adults with Insomnia: A Pilot Study. Journal of Medicinal Food. 2010 Jun; 13(3): 579–583.

Blaues Licht

  • Silvani MI, Werder R, Perret C. The influence of blue light on sleep, performance and wellbeing in young adults: A systematic review. Frontiers in physiology. 2022 Aug 16:13:943108.
  • Ishizawa M, Uchiumi T, Takahata M, Yamaki M, Sato T. Effects of pre-bedtime blue-light exposure on ratio of deep sleep in healthy young men. Sleep medicine. 2021 Aug:84:303-307.
  • Guarana CL, Barnes C, Ong WJ. The effects of blue-light filtration on sleep and work outcomes. Journal of applied psychology. 2021 May;106(5):784-796.
  • Tosini G, Ferguson I, Tsubota K. Effects of blue light on the circadian system and eye physiology. Molecular vision. 2016; 22: 61–72
  • Shechter A, Kim EW, St-Onge MP, Westwood AJ. Blocking nocturnal blue light for insomnia: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of psychiatric research. 2018 Jan; 96: 196–202.
  • Wu F, Wu S, Gui Q, Tang K, Xu Q, Tao Y et al. Blue light insertion at night is involved in sleep and arousal-promoting response delays and depressive-like emotion in mice. Bioscience report. 2021 Mar 26;41(3):BSR20204033.
  • Tähkämö L, Partonen T, Pesonen AK. Systematic review of light exposure impact on human circadian rhythm. Chronobiology international. 2019 Feb;36(2):151-170.

Melatonin

  • Kennaway DJ. What do we really know about the safety and efficacy of melatonin for sleep disorders? Current medical research and opinion. 2022 Feb;38(2):211-227
  • Bueno AP R, Savi FM, Alves IA, Bandeira VAC. Regulatory aspects and evidences of melatonin use for sleep disorders and insomnia: an integrative review. Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria. 2021 Aug;79(8):732-742.
  • Gandolfi JV, Di Bernardo APA, Chanes DAV, Martin DF, Joles VB, Amendola C et al. The Effects of Melatonin Supplementation on Sleep Quality and Assessment of the Serum Melatonin in ICU Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Critical care medicine. 2020 Dec;48(12):e1286-e1293.
  • Auld F, Maschauer EL, Morrison I, Skene DJ, Riha RL. Evidence for the efficacy of melatonin in the treatment of primary adult sleep disorders. Sleep medicine reviews. 2017 Aug:34:10-22.
  • Jafari-Koulaee A, Bagheri-Nesami M. The effect of melatonin on sleep quality and insomnia in patients with cancer: a systematic review study. Sleep medicine. 2021 Jun:82:96-103.
  • Dawson D, Encel N. Melatonin and sleep in humans. Journal of pineal research. 1993 Aug;15(1):1-12

Tryptophan

  • Sutanto CN, Loh WW, Jung Eun Kim. The impact of tryptophan supplementation on sleep quality: a systematic review, meta-analysis, and meta-regression. Nutrition reviews. 2022 Jan 10;80(2):306-316.
  • Bhat A, Pires AS, Tan V, Chidambaram SB, Guillemin GJ. Effects of Sleep Deprivation on the Tryptophan Metabolism. International journal of tryptophan research. 2020 Nov 23:13:1178646920970902.
  • Riemann D, Feige B, Hornyak M, Koch S, Hohagen F, Voderholzer U. The tryptophan depletion test: impact on sleep in primary insomnia – a pilot study. Psychiatry research. 2002 Mar 15;109(2):129-35.
  • George CF, Millar TW, Hanly PJ, Kryger MH. The effect of L-tryptophan on daytime sleep latency in normals: correlation with blood levels. Sleep. 1989 Aug;12(4):345-53
  • Demisch K, Bauer J, Georgi K, Demisch L. Treatment of severe chronic insomnia with L-tryptophan: results of a double-blind cross-over study. Pharmacopsychiatry. 1987 Nov;20(6):242-4.
  • Spinweber CL. L-tryptophan administered to chronic sleep-onset insomniacs: late-appearing reduction of sleep latency. Psychopharmacology. 1986;90(2):151-5.
  • Schmidt HS. L-tryptophan in the treatment of impaired respiration in sleep. Bulletin europeen de physiopathologie respiratoire. 1983 Nov-Dec;19(6):625-9.

Lesen & Essen im Bett

  • Finucane E, O’Brien A, Treweek S, Newell J, Das K, Chapman S et al. Does reading a book in bed make a difference to sleep in comparison to not reading a book in bed? The People’s Trial—an online, pragmatic, randomised trial. Trials. 2021 Dec 4;22(1):873
  • Iao SI, Jansen E, Shedden K, O’Brien LM, Chervin RD, Knutson KL et al. Associations between bedtime eating or drinking, sleep duration and wake after sleep onset: findings from the American time use survey. British Journal of nutrition. 2021 Sep 13;127(12):1-10.
  • Grønli J, Byrkjedal IK, Bjorvatn B, Nødtvedt Ø, Hamre B, Pallesen S. Sleep medicine. 2016 May:21:86-92.
  • Finucane E, O’Brien A, Treweek S, Newell J, Das K, Chapman S et al. Does reading a book in bed make a difference to sleep in comparison to not reading a book in bed? The People’s Trial—an online, pragmatic, randomised trial. Trials 22, 873 (2021).

Ethnologie und Anatomie

  • Cakirer B, Hans MG, Graham G, Aylor J, Tishler PV, Redline S. The relationship between craniofacial morphology and obstructive sleep apnea in whites and in African-Americans. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine. 2001 Mar;163(4):947-50.
  • Dudley KA, Patel SR. Disparities and Genetic Risk Factors in Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Sleep medicine. 2016 Feb; 18: 96–102.
  • Johnson DA, Guo N, Rueschman M, Wang R, Wilson JG, Redline S. Prevalence and correlates of obstructive sleep apnea among African Americans: the Jackson Heart Sleep Study. Sleep. 2018 Oct 1;41(10):zsy154
  • Hnin K, Mukherjee S, Antic NA, Catcheside P, Chai-Coetzer CL, McEvoy D et al. The impact of ethnicity on the prevalence and severity of obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep medicine reviews. 2018 Oct:41:78-86.
  • Xu L, Keenan BT, Wiemken AS, Chi L, Staley B, Wang Z et al. Differences in three-dimensional upper airway anatomy between Asian and European patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep. 2020 May 12;43(5):zsz273.
  • Lee RWW, Vasudavan S, Hui DS, Prvan T, Petocz P, Darendeliler MA et al. Differences in Craniofacial Structures and Obesity in Caucasian and Chinese Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Sleep. 2010 Aug 1; 33(8): 1075–1080.
  • Mirrakhimov AE, Sooronbaev T, Mirrakhimov TEM. Prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea in Asian adults: a systematic review of the literature. BMC Pulmonary medicine. 2013 Feb 23:13:10
  • Li KK, Powell NB, Kushida C, Riley RW, Adornato B, Guilleminault C. A comparison of Asian and white patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Laryngoscope. 2000 Oct;110(10 Pt 1):1689-93.
  • O’Driscoll DM, Landry SA, Pham J, Young A, Sands SA, Hamilton GS et al. The physiological phenotype of obstructive sleep apnea differs between Caucasian and Chinese patient. Sleep. 2019 Oct 21;42(11):zsz186.
  • Villaneuva ATC, Buchanan PR, Yee BJ, Grunstein RR. Ethnicity and obstructive sleep apnoea. Sleep medicine reviews. 2005 Dec;9(6):419-36.
  • Nagayoshi M, Yamagishi K, Tanigawa T, Sakurai S, Kitamura A, Kiyama M et al. Risk factors for snoring among Japanese men and women: a community-based cross-sectional study. Sleep and breathing. 2011 Jan;15(1):63-9.
  • Goldstein NA, Abramowitz T, Weedon J, Koliskor B, Turner S, Taioli E. Racial/ethnic differences in the prevalence of snoring and sleep disordered breathing in young children. Journal of clinical sleep medicine. 2011 Apr 15;7(2):163-71.
  • Rives-Sanchez M, Quintos A, Prillaman B, Willes L, Swaminathan N, Niroula A et al. Sleep Disordered Breathing in Hospitalized African-Americans. Journal of National Medical Association. 2020 Jun;112(3):262-267
  • Lam B, Lam DCL, Ip MSM. Obstructive sleep apnoea in Asia. International journal of tuberculosis and lung disease. 2007 Jan;11(1):2-11.
  • Chang SW, Lee HY, Choi HS, Chang JH, Lim GCL, Kang JW. Snoring might be a warning sign for metabolic syndrome in nonobese Korean women. Scientific reports. 2023 Oct 9;13(1):17041.
  • Chiu HY, Chou KT, Su KC, Lin FC, Liu YY, Shiao TH et al. Obstructive sleep apnea in young Asian adults with sleep-related complaints. Scientific reports. 2022 Nov 29;12(1):20582.
  • Khoo SM, Tan WC, Ng TP, Ho CH. Risk factors associated with habitual snoring and sleep-disordered breathing in a multi-ethnic Asian population: a population-based study. Respiratory medicine. 2004 Jun;98(6):557-66
  • Park CG, Shin C. Prevalence and association of snoring, anthropometry and hypertension in Korea. Blood pressure. 2005;14(4):210-6.
  • Tan A, Cheung YY, Yin J, Lim WY, Tan LWL, Lee CH. Prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing in a multiethnic Asian population in Singapore: A community-based study. Respirology. 2016 Jul;21(5):943-50.
  • Hui JW, Ong J, Herdegen JJ, Kim H, Codispoti CD, Kalantari V et al. Risk of obstructive sleep apnea in African American patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. Annals of allergy, asthma and immunology. 2017 Jun;118(6):685-688.e1.
  • Zhong Z, Tang Z, Gao X, Zeng XL. A comparison study of upper airway among different skeletal craniofacial patterns in nonsnoring Chinese children. Angle orthodontist. 2010 Mar;80(2):267-74.
  • Lee YC, Eun YG, Shin SY, Kim SW. Prevalence of snoring and high risk of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in young male soldiers in Korea. Journal of Korean medical science. 2013 Sep;28(9):1373-7.
  • Amin A, Ali A, Altaf QA, Piya MP, Barnett AH, Raymond NT et al. Prevalence and Associations of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in South Asians and White Europeans with Type 2 Diabetes: A Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of clinical sleep medicine. 2017 Apr 15;13(4):583-589.
  • Redline S, Tishler PV, Hans MG, Tosteson TD, Strohl KP, Spry K. Racial differences in sleep-disordered breathing in African-Americans and Caucasians. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine. 1997 Jan;155(1):186-92.
  • Ruiter ME, DeCoster J, Jacobs L, Lichstein KL. Sleep disorders in African Americans and Caucasian Americans: a meta-analysis. Behavioral sleep medicine. 2010;8(4):246-59.
  • Johnson DA, Sofer T, Guo N, Wilson J, Redline S. A sleep apnea prediction model developed for African Americans: the Jackson Heart Sleep Study. Journal of clinical sleep medicine. 2020 Jul 15;16(7):1171-1178.

Fettpolster im Rachenraum

  • Pahkala R, Seppä J, Ikonen A, Smirnov G, Tuomilehto H. The impact of pharyngeal fat tissue on the pathogenesis of obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep and breathing. 2014 May;18(2):275-82.
  • Aksoz T, Akan H, Celebi M, MD, Sakan BB. Does the Oropharyngeal Fat Tissue Influence the Oropharyngeal Airway in Snorers? Dynamic CT Study. Korean Journal of Radiology. 2004 Apr-Jun; 5(2): 102–106.
  • Shelton KE, Woodson H, Gay S, Suratt PM. Pharyngeal fat in obstructive sleep apnea. American review of respiratory disease. 1993 Aug;148(2):462-6.
  • Li Y, Lin N, Ye J, Chang Q, Han D, Sperry A. Upper airway fat tissue distribution in subjects with obstructive sleep apnea and its effect on retropalatal mechanical loads. Respiratory care. 2012 Jul;57(7):1098-105.
  • Katz I, Stradling J, Slutsky AS, Zamel N, Hoffstein V. Do patients with obstructive sleep apnea have thick necks? American review of respiratory disease. 1990 May;141(5 Pt 1):1228-31.
  • Saha A, Moussavi Z, Hadi P, MSc, Bradley TD, Azadeh Yadollahi A. Effects of Increased Pharyngeal Tissue Mass Due to Fluid Accumulation in the Neck on the Acoustic Features of Snoring Sounds in Men. Journal of clinical sleep medicine. 2018 Oct 15; 14(10): 1653–1660.
  • Shigeta Y, Enciso R, Ogawa T, Ikawa T, Clark GT. Cervical CT derived neck fat tissue distribution differences in Japanese males and females and its effect on retroglossal and retropalatal airway volume. Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics. 2008 Aug;106(2):275-84.

Alter und Schlaf

  • Pace-Schott EF, Spencer RMC. Age-related changes in the cognitive function of sleep. Progress in brain research. 2011:191:75-89.
  • Sabia S, Dugravot A, Léger D, Hassen CB, Kivimaki M, Singh-Manoux A. Association of sleep duration at age 50, 60, and 70 years with risk of multimorbidity in the UK: 25-year follow-up of the Whitehall II cohort study. PLOS medicine. 2022 Oct 18;19(10):e1004109.
  • Åkerstedt T, Ghilotti F, Grotta A, Bellavia A, Lagerros YT, Bellocco R. Sleep duration, mortality and the influence of age. European journal of epidemiology. 2017 Oct;32(10):881-891.
  • Edwards BA, O’Driscoll DM, Ali A, Jordan AS, Trinder J, Malhotra A. Aging and sleep: physiology and pathophysiology. Seminars in respiratory and critical care medicine. 2010 Oct;31(5):618-33.
  • Ancoli-Israel S. Sleep and its disorders in aging populations. Sleep medicine. 2009 Sep:10 Suppl 1:S7-11.
  • Miner B, Kryger MH. Sleep in the Aging Population. Sleep medicine clinics. 2017 Mar;12(1):31-38.
  • Gulia KK, Kumar VM. Sleep disorders in the elderly: a growing challenge. Psychogeriatrics. 2018 May;18(3):155-165.

Schlafmenge

  • Chaput JP, Dutil C, Sampasa-Kanyinga H. Sleeping hours: what is the ideal number and how does age impact this? Nature and science of sleep. 2018 Nov 27:10:421-430.
  • Chaput JP, Dutil C, Featherstone R, Ross R, Giangregorio L, Saunders TJ et al. Sleep duration and health in adults: an overview of systematic reviews. Applied physiology, nutrition and metabolism. 2020 Oct;45(10 (Suppl. 2)):S218-S231.
  • Hirshkowitz M, Whiton K, Albert SM, Alessi C, Bruni O, DonCarlos L et al. National Sleep Foundation’s sleep time duration recommendations: methodology and results summary. Sleep health. 2015 Mar;1(1):40-43.
  • Hirshkowitz M, Whiton K, Albert SM, Alessi C, Bruni O, DonCarlos L et al. National Sleep Foundation’s updated sleep duration recommendations: final report. Sleep health. 2015 Dec;1(4):233-243.
  • Sabia S, Fayosse A, Dumurgier J, Van Hees VT, Paquet C, Sommerlad 6A et al. Association of sleep duration in middle and old age with incidence of dementia. Nature communications. 2021 Apr 20;12(1):2289.
  • Ohayon MM, Carskadon MA, Guilleminault C, Vitiello MV. Meta-analysis of quantitative sleep parameters from childhood to old age in healthy individuals: developing normative sleep values across the human lifespan. Sleep. 2004 Nov 1;27(7):1255-73.
  • Didikoglu A, Maharani A, Tampubolon G, Canal MM, Payton A, Pendleton N. Longitudinal sleep efficiency in the elderly and its association with health. Journal of sleep research. 2020 Jun;29(3):e12898.
  • Alvarez GG, Ayas NT. The impact of daily sleep duration on health: a review of the literature. Progress in cardiovascular nursing. 2004 Spring;19(2):56-9.
  • Aurora RN, Kim JS, Crainiceanu C, O’Hearn D, Punjabi NM. Habitual Sleep Duration and All-Cause Mortality in a General Community Sample. Sleep. 2016 Nov 1;39(11):1903-1909.

Zu viel Schlaf

  • Léger D, Beck F, Richard JB, Sauvet F, Faraut B. The risks of sleeping “too much”. Survey of a National Representative Sample of 24671 adults (INPES health barometer). PLOS one. 2014 Sep 16;9(9):e106950.
  • Klerman EB, Barbato G, Czeisler CA, Wehr TA. Can People Sleep Too Much? Effects of Extended Sleep Opportunity on Sleep Duration and Timing. Frontiers in physiology. 2021 Dec 22:12:792942.
  • Ohayon MM, Reynolds CF, Dauvilliers Y. The Link Between Excessive Quantity of Sleep and Deteriorated Quality of Wakefulness – Implications for the DSM-5. Annals of Neurology. 2013 Jun; 73(6): 785–794.
  • Jike M, Itani O, Watanabe N, Buysse DJ, Kaneita Y. Long sleep duration and health outcomes: A systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression. Sleep medicine reviews. 2018 Jun:39:25-36.
  • Kim Y, Wilkens LR, Schembre SM, Henderson BE, Kolonel LN, Goodman MT. Insufficient and excessive amounts of sleep increase the risk of premature death from cardiovascular and other diseases: the Multiethnic Cohort Study. Preventive medicine. 2013 Oct; 57(4): 377–385.
  • Tan X, Chapman CD, Cedernaes J, Benedict C. Association between long sleep duration and increased risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes: A review of possible mechanisms. Sleep medicine reviews. 2018 Aug:40:127-134.

Schlaf-Tagebuch

  • Carney CE, Buysse DJ, Ancoli-Israel S, Edinger JD, Krystal AD, Lichstein KL et al. The consensus sleep diary: standardizing prospective sleep self-monitoring. Sleep. 2012 Feb 1;35(2):287-302.
  • Mallinson DC, Kamenetsky ME, Hagen EW, Peppard PE. Subjective sleep measurement: comparing sleep diary to questionnaire. Nature and science of sleep. 2019 Sep 11:11:197-206.
  • Rogers AE, Caruso CC, Aldrich MS. Reliability of sleep diaries for assessment of sleep/wake patterns. Nursin research. 1993 Nov-Dec;42(6):368-72.
  • Pearse PA. Use of the sleep diary in the management of patients with insomnia. Australien family phacysian. 1993 May;22(5):744-8.

Übergewicht, Diabetes

  • Muscogiuri G, Barrea L, Annunziata G, Di Somma C, Laudisio D, Colao A et al. Obesity and sleep disturbance: the chicken or the egg? Critical reviews in food science and nutrition. 2019;59(13):2158-2165.
  • Lee JH, Cho J. Sleep and Obesity. Sleep medicine clinics. 2022 Mar;17(1):111-116.
  • Bacaro V, Ballesio A, Cerolini S, Vacca M, Poggiogalle E, Donini LM et al. Sleep duration and obesity in adulthood: An updated systematic review and meta-analysis. Obesity research and clinical practice. 2020 Jul-Aug;14(4):301-309.
  • Cooper CB, Neufeld EV, Dolezal BA,1 Martin JL. Sleep deprivation and obesity in adults: a brief narrative review. BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine. 2018 Oct 4;4(1):e000392.
  • St-Onge MP. Sleep-obesity relation: underlying mechanisms and consequences for treatment. Obesity reviews. 2017 Feb:18 Suppl 1:34-39.
  • Okoli A, Hanlon EC, Brady MJ. The Relationship between Sleep, Obesity, and Metabolic Health in Adolescents – a Review. Current opinion in endocrine and metabolic research. 2021 Apr:17:15-19.
  • Chaput JP, McHill AW, Cox RC, Broussard JL, Dutil C, Da Costa BGG et al. The role of insufficient sleep and circadian misalignment in obesity. Nature reviews Endocrinology. 2023 Feb;19(2):82-97.
  • Antza C, Kostopoulos G, Mostafa S, Nirantharakumar K, Tahrani A. The links between sleep duration, obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Journal of endocrinology. 2021 Dec 13;252(2):125-141.
  • Patel SR. Reduced sleep as an obesity risk factor. Obesity reviews. 2009 Nov:10 Suppl 2:61-8.
  • Broussard JL, Klein S. Insufficient sleep and obesity: cause or consequence. Obesity. 2022 Oct;30(10):1914-1916.
  • Kobayashi D, Takahashi O, Deshpande GA, Shimbo T, Fukui T. Association between weight gain, obesity, and sleep duration: a large-scale 3-year cohort study. Sleep and breathing. 2012 Sep;16(3):829-33.
  • Bayon V, Leger D, Gomez-Merino D, Vecchierini MF, Chennaoui M. Sleep debt and obesity. Annals of medicine. 2014 Aug;46(5):264-72.
  • Marshall NS, Glozier N, Grunstein RR. Is sleep duration related to obesity? A critical review of the epidemiological evidence. Sleep medicine reviews. 2008 Aug;12(4):289-98.
  • Lee CY, Jung I, Park SY, Yu JH, Seo JA, Kim KJ et al. Sleep Duration and the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes: A Community-Based Cohort Study with a 16-Year Follow-up. Endocrinology and metabolism. 2023 Feb;38(1):146-155.
  • Ogilvie RP, Patel SR. The Epidemiology of Sleep and Diabetes. Current diabetes reports. 2018 Aug 17;18(10):82.
  • Shan Z, Ma H, Xie M, Yan P, Guo Y, Bao W, Rong Y et al. Sleep duration and risk of type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis of prospective studies. Diabetes care. 2015 Mar;38(3):529-37.
  • Schipper SBJ, Van Veen MM, Elders PJM, Van Straten A, Van Der Werf YD, Knutson KL et al. Sleep disorders in people with type 2 diabetes and associated health outcomes: a review of the literature. Diabetologia. 2021 Nov;64(11):2367-2377.
  • Chaput JP, Despré JPs, Bouchard C, Astrup A, Tremblay A. Sleep duration as a risk factor for the development of type 2 diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance: analyses of the Quebec Family Study. Sleep medicine. 2009 Sep;10(8):919-24.
  • Khandelwal D, Dutta D, Chittawar S, Kalra S. Sleep Disorders in Type 2 Diabetes. Indian journal of endocrinology and metabolism. 2017 Sep-Oct;21(5):758-761.
  • Khalil M, Power N, Graham E, Deschênes SS, Schmitz N. The association between sleep and diabetes outcomes – A systematic review. Diabetes research and clinical practice. 2020 Mar:161:108035.
  • Grandner MA, Seixas A, Shetty S, Shenoy S. Sleep Duration and Diabetes Risk: Population Trends and Potential Mechanisms. Current diabetes reports. 2016 Nov;16(11):106.

Immunsystem

  • Besedovsky L, Lange T, Haack M. The Sleep-Immune Crosstalk in Health and Disease. Physiological reviews. 2019 Jul 1;99(3):1325-1380.
  • Asif N, Iqbal R, Nazir CF. Human immune system during sleep. American journal of clinical and experimental immunology. 2017 Dec 20;6(6):92-96.
  • Garbarino S, Lanteri P, Bragazzi NL, Magnavita N, Scoditti E. Role of sleep deprivation in immune-related disease risk and outcomes. Communications biology. 2021 Nov 18;4(1):1304.
  • Besedovsky L, Lange T, Born J. Sleep and immune function. Pflugers archive. 2012 Jan;463(1):121-37.
  • Akkaoui MA, Palagini L, Geoffroy PA. Sleep Immune Cross Talk and Insomnia. Advances in experimental medicine and biology. 2023:1411:263-273.
  • Ibarra-Coronado EG, Pantaleón-Martínez AM, Velazquéz-Moctezuma J, Prospéro-García O, Méndez-Díaz M, Pérez-Tapia M et al. The Bidirectional Relationship between Sleep and Immunity against Infections. Journal of immunology research. 2015:2015:678164.
  • Imeri L, Opp MR. How (and why) the immune system makes us sleep. Nature reviews Neuroscience. 2009 Mar;10(3):199-210.
  • Guadalupe Rico-Rosillo M, Vega-Robledo GB. Sleep and immune system. Revista lergia Mexico. 2018 Apr-Jun;65(2):160-170.
  • Ludwig K, Huppertz T, Radsak M, Gouveris H. Cellular Immune Dysfunction in Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Frontiers in surgery. 2022 Jul 6:9:890377.
  • Chorostowska-Wynimko J, Kedzior ME. Role of immune system in the pathomechanism of obstructive sleep apnea. Pneumologia i alergologia Polska. 2008;76(2):101-10.
  • Li ZG, Li TP, Ye H, Feng Y, Li DQ. Immune function changes in patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome. Journal of Southern Medical University. 2011 Jun;31(6):1003-5.
  • Topuz MF, Ture N, Akdag G, Arik O, Gulhan PY. The importance of systemic immune-inflammation index in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology. 2022 Oct;279(10):5033-5038.
  • Seo MY, Choi WS, Lee SH. Obstructive sleep apnea and its association with humoral immunity against varicella zoster virus. Sleep and breathing. 2023 Nov 8.
  • Vakil M, Park S, Broder A. The complex associations between obstructive sleep apnea and auto-immune disorders: A review. Medical hypotheses. 2018 Jan:110:138-143.
  • Lam DCL, Ip MSM. Sleep apnoea and immune regulation: The story is only beginning. Respirology. 2019 Jul;24(7):624-625.

Depression

  • Hobzova M, Prasko J, Vanek J, Ociskova M, Genzor S, Holubova M et al. Depression and obstructive sleep apnea. Neuro endocrinology letters. 2017 Oct;38(5):343-352.
  • Ejaz SM, Khawaja IS, Bhatia S, Hurwitz TD. Obstructive sleep apnea and depression: a review. Innovations in clinical neuroscience. 2011 Aug;8(8):17-25.
  • Harris M, Glozier N, Ratnavadivel R, Grunstein RR. Melanie Harris 1, Nick Glozier, Rajeev Ratnavadivel, Ronald R Grunstein. 2009 Dec;13(6):437-44.
  • Jackson ML, Tolson J, Bartlett D, Berlowitz DJ, Varma P, Barnes M. Clinical depression in untreated obstructive sleep apnea: examining predictors and a meta-analysis of prevalence rates. Sleep medicine. 2019 Oct:62:22-28.
  • Vanek J, Prasko J, Genzor S, Ociskova M, Kantor K, Holubova M et al. Obstructive sleep apnea, depression and cognitive impairment. Sleep medicine. 2020 Aug:72:50-58
  • Edwards C, Almeida OP, Ford AH. Obstructive sleep apnea and depression: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Maturitas. 2020 Dec:142:45-54.
  • Baran AS, Richert AC. Obstructive sleep apnea and depression. CNS spectrums. 2003 Feb;8(2):128-34.
  • Schröder CM, O’Hara R. Depression and Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). Annals of general psychiatry. 2005 Jun 27:4:13.
  • Gharsalli H, Harizi C, Zaouche R, Sahnoun I, Saffar F, Maalej S et al. Prevalence of depression and anxiety in obstructive sleep apnea. La Tunisie medicale. 2022;100(7):525-533.
  • Riemann D, Krone LB, Wulff K, Nissen C. Sleep, insomnia, and depression. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2020 Jan;45(1):74-89.
  • Murphy MJ, Peterson MJ. Sleep Disturbances in Depression. Sleep medicine clinics. 2015 Mar;10(1):17-23.
  • Tsuno N, Besset A, Ritchie K. Sleep and depression. Journal of clinical psychiatry. 2005 Oct;66(10):1254-69.
  • Nutt D, Wilson S, Paterson L. Sleep disorders as core symptoms of depression. Dialogues in clinical Neuroscience. 2008;10(3):329-36.
  • Pandi-Perumal SR, Monti JM, Burman D, Karthikeyan R, BaHammam AS, Spence DW et al. Clarifying the role of sleep in depression: A narrative review. Psychiatry research. 2020 Sep:291:113239.
  • Fang H, Tu S, Sheng J, Shao A. Depression in sleep disturbance: A review on a bidirectional relationship, mechanisms and treatment. Journal of cellular and molecular medicine. 2019 Apr;23(4):2324-2332.
  • Plante DT. The Evolving Nexus of Sleep and Depression. American journal of psychiatry. 2021 Oct 1;178(10):896-902.
  • Luca A, Luca M, Calandra C. Sleep disorders and depression: brief review of the literature, case report, and nonpharmacologic interventions for depression. Clinical interventions in aging. 2013:8:1033-9.
  • Franzen PL, Buysse DJ. Sleep disturbances and depression: risk relationships for subsequent depression and therapeutic implications. Dialogues in clinical neuroscience. 2008;10(4):473-81.
  • Li L, Wu C, Gan Y, Qu X, Lu Z. Insomnia and the risk of depression: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. BMC Psychiatry. 2016 Nov 5;16(1):375.
  • Hu B, Liu C, Mou T, Luo F, Lv T, Qian C et al. Meta-Analysis of Sleep Deprivation Effects on Patients With Depression. Frontiers in psychiatry. 2021 Nov 30:12:783091.
  • Hemmeter UM, Hemmeter-Spernal J, Krieg JC. Sleep deprivation in depression. Expert review of Neurotherapeutics. 2010 Jul;10(7):1101-15.
  • Giedke H, Schwärzler F. Therapeutic use of sleep deprivation in depression. Sleep medicine reviews. 2002 Oct;6(5):361-77.
  • Ioannou M, Wartenberg C, Greenbrook JTV, Larson T, Magnusson K, Schmitz L et al. Sleep deprivation as treatment for depression: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Acta psychiatrica Scandivanica. 2021 Jan;143(1):22-35.

Konzentration, Aufmerksamkeit, Kognition

  • Monica M Shieu 1, Galit Levi Dunietz 1, Henry L Paulson 2, Ronald D Chervin 1, Tiffany J Braley. The association between obstructive sleep apnea risk and cognitive disorders: a population-based study. Journal of clinical sleep medicine. 2022 Apr 1;18(4):1177-1185.
  • Arpan Patel 1, Derek J Chong. Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Cognitive Outcomes. Clinics in geriatric medicine. 2021 Aug;37(3):457-467.
  • Mei-Ling Wang 1, Chong Wang 1, Miao Tuo 1, Yang Yu 1, Lin Wang 2, Jin-Tai Yu 3, Lan Tan 4, Song Chi. Cognitive Effects of Treating Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Journal of Alzheimers disease. 2020;75(3):705-715.
  • Gilbert Seda 1, Gregory Matwiyoff 2, John S Parrish. Effects of Obstructive Sleep Apnea and CPAP on Cognitive Function. Current neurology and neuroscience reports. 2021 May 6;21(7):32.
  • Omonigho M Bubu 1, Andreia G Andrade 2, Ogie Q Umasabor-Bubu 3, Megan M Hogan 4, Arlener D Turner 5, Mony J de Leon 6, Gbenga Ogedegbe 7, Indu Ayappa 8, Girardin Jean-Louis G 9, Melinda L Jackson 10, Andrew W Varga 8, Ricardo S Osorio. Obstructive sleep apnea, cognition and Alzheimer’s disease: A systematic review integrating three decades of multidisciplinary research. Sleep medicine reviews. 2020 Apr:50:101250.
  • Matthew P Pase 1 2 3, Stephanie Harrison 4, Jeffrey R Misialek 5, Christopher E Kline 6, Marina Cavuoto 1, Andree-Ann Baril 3 7, Stephanie Yiallourou 1, Alycia Bisson 8 9, Dibya Himali 3, Yue Leng 10, Qiong Yang 11 12, Sudha Seshadri 3 11 13, Alexa Beiser 3 11 12, Rebecca F Gottesman 14, Susan Redline 8 9, Oscar Lopez 15 16, Pamela L Lutsey 5, Kristine Yaffe 17 18 19, Katie L Stone 4 20, Shaun M Purcell 8 21, Jayandra J Himali. Sleep Architecture, Obstructive Sleep Apnea, and Cognitive Function in Adults. JAMA network open. 2023 Jul 3;6(7):e2325152.
  • Chitra Lal, Indu Ayappa, Najib Ayas, Andrew E Beaudin, Camilla Hoyos, Clete A Kushida, Marta Kaminska, Anna Mullins, Sharon L Naismith, Ricardo S Osorio, Craig L Phillips, Ankit Parekh, Katie L Stone, Arlener D Turner, Andrew W Varga. The Link between Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Neurocognitive Impairment: An Official American Thoracic Society Workshop Report. Annals of American thoracic society. 2022 Aug;19(8):1245-1256.
  • Michelle Vardanian 1, Lisa Ravdin. Cognitive Complaints and Comorbidities in Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Sleep medicine clinics. 2022 Dec;17(4):647-656.
  • K Gagnon 1, A-A Baril 2, J-F Gagnon 1, M Fortin 3, A Décary 4, C Lafond 5, A Desautels 2, J Montplaisir 2, N Gosselin. Cognitive impairment in obstructive sleep apnea. Pathologie-biologie. 2014 Oct;62(5):233-40.
  • Tengwei Pan 1, Suzhi Liu 1, Shaofa Ke 1, En Wang 1, Yiqing Jiang 1, Shanshan Wang. Association of obstructive sleep apnea with cognitive decline and age among non-demented older adults. Neuroscience letters. 2021 Jun 21:756:135955.
  • Yue Leng 1, Claire T McEvoy 1 2, Isabel E Allen 3, Kristine Yaffe. Association of Sleep-Disordered Breathing With Cognitive Function and Risk of Cognitive Impairment: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA Neurology. 2017 Oct 1;74(10):1237-1245.

Demenz

  • Martin Guay-Gagnon 1, Sopharat Vat 2 3, Marie-France Forget 1, Maxime Tremblay-Gravel 4, Simon Ducharme 5 6, Quoc Dinh Nguyen 1 7, Philippe Desmarais. Sleep apnea and the risk of dementia: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of sleep research. 2022 Oct;31(5):e13589.
  • Takuro Kitamura 1, Soichiro Miyazaki 2, Harun Bin Sulaiman 1, Ryota Akaike 1, Yuki Ito 1, Hideaki Suzuki. Insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea as potential triggers of dementia: is personalized prediction and prevention of the pathological cascade applicable? EPMA journal. 2020 Jul 30;11(3):355-365.
  • K Kinugawa. Obstructive sleep apnea and dementia: A role to play? Revue neurologique. 2023 Oct;179(7):793-803.
  • Galit L Dunietz 1, Ronald D Chervin 1, James F Burke 2, Alan S Conceicao 2, Tiffany J Braley. Obstructive sleep apnea treatment and dementia risk in older adults. Sleep. 2021 Sep 13;44(9):zsab076.
  • Erica Ercolano 1, Leonardo Bencivenga 1, Maria Emiliana Palaia 1, Giovanni Carbone 1, Francesco Scognamiglio 1, Giuseppe Rengo 1 2, Grazia Daniela Femminella. Intricate relationship between obstructive sleep apnea and dementia in older adults. Geroscience. 2024 Feb;46(1):99-111.
  • C F Reynolds 3rd, D J Kupfer, L S Taska, C C Hoch, D E Sewitch, K Restifo, D G Spiker, B Zimmer, R S Marin, J Nelson. Sleep apnea in Alzheimer’s dementia: correlation with mental deterioration. Journal of clinican psychiatry. 1985 Jul;46(7):257-61.
  • Aaron Lam 1 2 3 4, Shawn Kong 1 2 3, Sharon L Naismith. Recent advances in understanding of sleep disorders and disturbances for dementia risk and prevention. Current opinion in psychiatry. 2024 Mar 1;37(2):94-100.
  • Wei-Pin Chang 1, Mu-En Liu, Wei-Chiao Chang, Albert C Yang, Yan-Chiou Ku, Jei-Tsung Pai, Hsiao-Ling Huang, Shih-Jen Tsai. Sleep apnea and the risk of dementia: a population-based 5-year follow-up study in Taiwan. PLOS one. 2013 Oct 24;8(10):e78655.
  • Le Shi 1, Si-Jing Chen 2, Meng-Ying Ma 3, Yan-Ping Bao 4, Ying Han 4, Yu-Mei Wang 5, Jie Shi 4, Michael V Vitiello 6, Lin Lu. Sleep disturbances increase the risk of dementia: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sleep medicine reviews. 2018 Aug:40:4-16.
  • Alexandra M V Wennberg 1, Mark N Wu 2 3, Paul B Rosenberg 4, Adam P Spira. Sleep Disturbance, Cognitive Decline, and Dementia: A Review. Seminars in neurology. 2017 Aug;37(4):395-406.
  • Gabriele Cipriani 1, Claudio Lucetti, Sabrina Danti, Angelo Nuti. Sleep disturbances and dementia. Psychogeriatrics. 2015 Mar;15(1):65-74.
  • Roger Wong 1, Margaret Anne Lovier. Sleep Disturbances and Dementia Risk in Older Adults: Findings From 10 Years of National U.S. Prospective Data. American journal of preventive medicine. 2023 Jun;64(6):781-787.

Hunger, Appetit

  • Shuailing Liu 1, Xiya Wang 1, Qian Zheng 1, Lanyue Gao 2, Qi Sun. Sleep Deprivation and Central Appetite Regulation. Nutrients. 2022 Dec 7;14(24):5196.
  • Chia-Lun Yang 1, Jerry Schnepp 2, Robin M Tucker. Increased Hunger, Food Cravings, Food Reward, and Portion Size Selection after Sleep Curtailment in Women Without Obesity. Nutrients. 2019 Mar 19;11(3):663.
  • Emily M Rogers 1, Nile F Banks 1, Nathaniel D M Jenkins. The effects of sleep disruption on metabolism, hunger, and satiety, and the influence of psychosocial stress and exercise: A narrative review. Diabetes metabolism research and reviews. 2024 Feb;40(2):e3667.
  • Andrea M Landis 1, Kathy P Parker, Sandra B Dunbar. Sleep, hunger, satiety, food cravings, and caloric intake in adolescents. Journal of nursing scholarship. 2009;41(2):115-23.
  • Sebastian M Schmid 1, Manfred Hallschmid, Kamila Jauch-Chara, Jan Born, Bernd Schultes. A single night of sleep deprivation increases ghrelin levels and feelings of hunger in normal-weight healthy men. Journal of sleep research. 2008 Sep;17(3):331-4.
  • Jianfei Lin 1 2, Yanrui Jiang 1 2 3, Guanghai Wang 1 2 3, Min Meng 1 2 3, Qi Zhu 1 2 3, Hao Mei 2 4, Shijian Liu 2 3, Fan Jiang. Associations of short sleep duration with appetite-regulating hormones and adipokines: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Obesity reviews. 2020 Nov;21(11):e13051.
  • Lieve T van Egmond 1 2, Elisa M S Meth 2, Joachim Engström 2, Maria Ilemosoglou 2, Jasmin Annica Keller 2 3, Heike Vogel 4 5 6 7, Christian Benedict. Effects of acute sleep loss on leptin, ghrelin, and adiponectin in adults with healthy weight and obesity: A laboratory study. Obesity. 2023 Mar;31(3):635-641.
  • Samira Soltanieh 1, Shakiba Solgi 2, Maedeh Ansari 2, Heitor O Santos 3, Behnood Abbasi. Effect of sleep duration on dietary intake, desire to eat, measures of food intake and metabolic hormones: A systematic review of clinical trials. Clinical nutrition ESPN. 2021 Oct:45:55-65.
  • Patricia Prinz. Sleep, appetite, and obesity–what is the link? PLOS med. 2004 Dec;1(3):e61.
  • Eri Tajiri 1, Eiichi Yoshimura 2, Takuro Tobina 3, Tomoki Yamashita 4, Kokoro Kume 5, Yoichi Hatamoto 6, Seiya Shimoda. Effects of sleep restriction on food intake and appetite under free-living conditions: A randomized crossover trial. Appetite. 2023 Oct 1:189:106998.

Alkohol

  • Sean He 1, Brant P Hasler 2, Subhajit Chakravorty. Alcohol and sleep-related problems. Current opinion in psychology. 2019 Dec:30:117-122.
  • Mahesh M Thakkar 1, Rishi Sharma 2, Pradeep Sahota. Alcohol disrupts sleep homeostasis. Alcohol. 2015 Jun;49(4):299-310.
  • Dandan Zheng 1, Xiaodong Yuan 2, Chaoran Ma 1, Ying Liu 2, Hannah VanEvery 1, Yujie Sun 2, Shouling Wu 3, Xiang Gao. Alcohol consumption and sleep quality: a community-based study. Public health nutrition. 2021 Oct;24(15):4851-4858.
  • Irshaad O Ebrahim 1, Colin M Shapiro, Adrian J Williams, Peter B Fenwick. Alcohol and sleep I: effects on normal sleep. Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research. 2013 Apr;37(4):539-49.
  • Nan Hu 1, Yibin Ma 2, Jie He 3, Lichen Zhu 3, Shiyi Cao. Alcohol consumption and incidence of sleep disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies. Drug and alcohol dependence. 2020 Dec 1:217:108259.
  • Ian M Colrain 1, Christian L Nicholas 2, Fiona C Baker. Alcohol and the sleeping brain. Handbook of clinical neurology. 2014:125:415-31.+
  • Shanshan Yang # 1, Xinhong Guo # 2, Wei Liu # 3, Yanhua Li 4, Yunxi Liu. Alcohol as an independent risk factor for obstructive sleep apnea. Irish journal of medical science. 2022 Jun;191(3):1325-1330.
  • Christian Burgos-Sanchez 1, Nolan N Jones 1, Michael Avillion 2, Steven J Gibson 1, Jagatkumar A Patel 3, John Neighbors 4, Soroush Zaghi 5, Macario Camacho. Impact of Alcohol Consumption on Snoring and Sleep Apnea: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Otolaryngology, head and neck surgery. 2020 Dec;163(6):1078-1086.
  • H Teschler 1, M Berthon-Jones, T Wessendorf, H J Meyer, N Konietzko. Influence of moderate alcohol consumption on obstructive sleep apnoea with and without AutoSet nasal CPAP therapy. European respiratory journal. 1996 Nov;9(11):2371-7.
  • F G Issa, C E Sullivan. Alcohol, snoring and sleep apnea. Journal of neurology, neurosurgery and psychiatry. 1982 Apr;45(4):353-9.
  • Evangelia Simou 1, John Britton 2, Jo Leonardi-Bee. Alcohol and the risk of sleep apnoea: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sleep medicine. 2018 Feb:42:38-46.
  • Jisu Ko 1 2, Jae Hyeok Lim 1 2, Dan Bi Kim 1 2, Min Jeong Joo 1 2, Yun Seo Jang 1 2, Eun-Cheol Park 2 3, Jaeyong Shin . Association between alcohol use disorder and risk of obstructive sleep apnea. Journal of sleep research. 2023 Dec 19:e14128.
  • M F Scanlan 1, T Roebuck, P J Little, J R Redman, M T Naughton. Effect of moderate alcohol upon obstructive sleep apnoea. European respiratory journal. 2000 Nov;16(5):909-13.

Herz-Kreislauf

  • Yerem Yeghiazarians, Hani Jneid, Jeremy R Tietjens, Susan Redline, Devin L Brown, Nabil El-Sherif, Reena Mehra, Biykem Bozkurt, Chiadi Ericson Ndumele, Virend K Somers. Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Cardiovascular Disease: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2021 Jul 20;144(3):e56-e67.
  • Manu Rajachandran 1, Nils Nickel, Richard A Lange. Sleep apnea and cardiovascular risk. Current opinion in cardiology. 2023 Sep 1;38(5):456-461.
  • Yüksel Peker 1, Bahri Akdeniz 2, Servet Altay 3, Baran Balcan 4, Özcan Başaran 5, Erkan Baysal 6, Ahmet Çelik 7, Dursun Dursunoğlu 8, Neşe Dursunoğlu 9, Selma Fırat 10, Canan Gündüz Gürkan 11, Önder Öztürk 12, Mehmet Sezai Taşbakan 13, Vedat Aytekin. Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Cardiovascular Disease: Where Do We Stand? Anatolian journal of cardiology. 2023 Jul 3;27(7):375-389.
  • Nader Salari 1, Habibolah Khazaie 1, Maryam Abolfathi 2, Hooman Ghasemi 3, Shervin Shabani 3, Shna Rasoulpoor 3, Masoud Mohammadi 4, Shabnam Rasoulpoor 3, Behnam Khaledi-Paveh. The effect of obstructive sleep apnea on the increased risk of cardiovascular disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Neurological sciences. 2022 Jan;43(1):219-231.
  • Brynn K Dredla 1, Pablo R Castillo. Cardiovascular Consequences of Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Current cardiology reports. 2019 Nov 9;21(11):137.
  • Yiran E Li 1, Jun Ren. Association between obstructive sleep apnea and cardiovascular diseases. Acta biochimica e biophysica Sinica. 2022 Jul 25;54(7):882-892.
  • Jo-Dee L Lattimore 1, David S Celermajer, Ian Wilcox. Obstructive sleep apnea and cardiovascular disease. Journal of the American college of cardiology. 2003 May 7;41(9):1429-37.
  • Mehmood Butt 1, Girish Dwivedi, Omer Khair, Gregory Y H Lip. Obstructive sleep apnea and cardiovascular disease. International journal of cardiology. 2010 Feb 18;139(1):7-16.
  • Cliona O’Donnell # 1 2, Anne M O’Mahony # 1 2, Walter T McNicholas 3, Silke Ryan. Cardiovascular manifestations in obstructive sleep apnea: current evidence and potential mechanisms. Polish archives of internal medicine. 2021 Jun 29;131(6):550-560.

Schlafphasen

  • Peter H., Penzel Th., Peter JH., Peter JG. Enzyklopädie der Schlafmedizin. 2. Aufl. Berlin: Springer; 2024
  • Pollmächer T, Wetter TC, BAssetti CLA, Högl B, Randerath W, Wiater A. Handbuch Schlafmedizin. 1. Auflage. München: Urban & Fischer; 2020
  • Aakash K. Patel 1, Vamsi Reddy 2, Karlie R. Shumway 3, John F. Araujo. Book: Physiology, Sleep Stages. StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2024 Jan.
    2024 Jan 26.
  • David W. Carleycorresponding author1,4 and Sarah S. Farabi. Physiology of Sleep. Diabetes spectrum. 2016 Feb; 29(1): 5–9.
  • Bettina Müller 1, Wolf Dietrich Gäbelein, Hartmut Schulz. A taxonomic analysis of sleep stages. Sleep. 2006 Jul;29(7):967-74.
  • Alexander Tataraidze, Lesya Anishchenko, Lyudmila Korostovtseva, Bert Jan Kooij, Mikhail Bochkarev, Yurii Sviryaev. Sleep stage classification based on respiratory signal. Annual international conference of the IEEE Engineering in medicina and biology society. 2015:2015:358-61.
  • H Merica, J M Gaillard. Internal structure of sleep cycles in a healthy population. Sleep. 1986 Dec;9(4):502-13.

Schlafhygiene

  • Navya Baranwal 1, Phoebe K Yu 2, Noah S Siegel. Sleep physiology, pathophysiology, and sleep hygiene. Progress in cardiovascular diseases. 2023 Mar-Apr:77:59-69.
  • Eman M Alanazi 1, Abeer Mohammed M Alanazi 2, Asmaa Hamed Albuhairy 3, Alshaymaa Akram A Alanazi. Sleep Hygiene Practices and Its Impact on Mental Health and Functional Performance Among Adults in Tabuk City: A Cross-Sectional Study. Cureus. 2023 Mar 16;15(3):e36221.
  • Leah A. Irish,1 Christopher E. Kline,2 Heather E. Gunn,2 Daniel J. Buysse,2 and Martica H. Hall. The Role of Sleep Hygiene in Promoting Public Health: A Review of Empirical Evidence. Sleep medicine reviews. 2015 Aug; 22: 23–36.
  • Ka-Fai Chung 1, Chit-Tat Lee 2, Wing-Fai Yeung 3, Man-Sum Chan 4, Emily Wing-Yue Chung 5, Wai-Ling Lin. Sleep hygiene education as a treatment of insomnia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Family practice. 2018 Jul 23;35(4):365-375.
  • Edward J Stepanski 1, James K Wyatt. Use of sleep hygiene in the treatment of insomnia. Sleep medicine reviews. 2003 Jun;7(3):215-25.
  • Lucie Urbanová 1, Martina Sebalo Vňuková 2, Martin Anders 2, Radek Ptáček 2, Jitka Bušková. The Updating and Individualizing of Sleep Hygiene Rules for Non-clinical Adult Populations. Prague medical report. 2023;124(4):329-343.
  • Thomas McAlpine 1 2, Barbara Mullan 3 4, Patrick J F Clarke. Assessing the daily association of sleep hygiene behaviours with sleep: A between and within persons approach. Journal of behavioral medicine. 2024 Apr;47(2):255-270.

Mediation, Entspannung, Autogenes Training, Enspannung, Yoga

  • Heather L Rusch 1 2, Michael Rosario 2, Lisa M Levison 3, Anlys Olivera 2, Whitney S Livingston 2, Tianxia Wu 4, Jessica M Gill. The effect of mindfulness meditation on sleep quality: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Annals of the New York Academy of sciences. 2019 Jun;1445(1):5-16.
  • Bruce Barrett 1, Christine M Harden 2, Roger L Brown 3, Christopher L Coe 4, Michael R Irwin. Mindfulness meditation and exercise both improve sleep quality: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial of community dwelling adults. Sleep health. 2020 Dec;6(6):804-813.
  • David S Black 1, Gillian A O’Reilly 1, Richard Olmstead 2, Elizabeth C Breen 2, Michael R Irwin. Mindfulness meditation and improvement in sleep quality and daytime impairment among older adults with sleep disturbances: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA internal medicine. 2015 Apr;175(4):494-501.
  • Hong Gong 1, Chen-Xu Ni 2, Yun-Zi Liu 1, Yi Zhang 1, Wen-Jun Su 1, Yong-Jie Lian 1, Wei Peng 1, Chun-Lei Jiang. Mindfulness meditation for insomnia: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Journal of psychosomatic research. 2016 Oct:89:1-6.
  • Ann Bowden 1, Ava Lorenc, Nicola Robinson. Autogenic Training as a behavioural approach to insomnia: a prospective cohort study. Primary health care research and development. 2012 Apr;13(2):175-85.
  • Katharine C Simon 1, Elizabeth A McDevitt 2, Rocco Ragano 3, Sara C Mednick. Progressive muscle relaxation increases slow-wave sleep during a daytime nap. Journal of sleep research. 2022 Oct;31(5):e13574.
  • L A Demers-Desrosiers. Autogenic training–nonpharmacological approach to insomnia. L’union medicale du Canada. 1978 Dec;107(12):1158-9.
  • Kamila Litwic-Kaminska 1, Martyna Kotyśko 2, Tadeusz Pracki 1, Monika Wiłkość-Dębczyńska 1, Błażej Stankiewicz. The Effect of Autogenic Training in a Form of Audio Recording on Sleep Quality and Physiological Stress Reactions of University Athletes-Pilot Study. International journal of environmental research and public health. 2022 Nov 30;19(23):16043.
  • E V Beznosiuk. Autogenic training in the combined treatment of sleep disorders. Meditsinkaia sestra. 1982 Jan;41(1):28-33.
  • R D Coursey, B L Frankel, K R Gaarder, D E Mott. A comparison of relaxation techniques with electrosleep therapy for chronic, sleep-onset insomnia a sleep-EEG study. Biofeedback and self regulation. 1980 Mar;5(1):57-73.
  • Wei-Li Wang 1, Kuang-Huei Chen 1, Ying-Chieh Pan 1, Szu-Nian Yang 2, Yuan-Yu Chan. The effect of yoga on sleep quality and insomnia in women with sleep problems: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC psychiatry. 2020 May 1;20(1):195.
  • Kanika Verma, Alok Srivastava, Deepeshwar Singh. Effects of Yoga on Psychological Health and Sleep Quality of Patients With Acute Insomnia: A Preliminary Study. Advances in mind-body medicine. 2022;36(4):4-11.
  • Denis Turmel 1, Sarah Carlier 2, Anne Violette Bruyneel 3, Marie Bruyneel . Tailored individual Yoga practice improves sleep quality, fatigue, anxiety, and depression in chronic insomnia disorder. BMC psychiatry. 2022 Apr 14;22(1):267.
  • Usha Panjwani 1, Sharmila Dudani 2, Meetu Wadhwa. Sleep, Cognition, and Yoga. International journal of yoga. 2021 May-Aug;14(2):100-108.
  • Jonathan Halpern, Marc Cohen, Gerard Kennedy, John Reece, Clement Cahan, Armanda Baharav. Yoga for improving sleep quality and quality of life for older adults. Alternative therapies in health and medicine. 2014 May-Jun;20(3):37-46.
  • Eden Debellemaniere 1 2 3, Danielle Gomez-Merino 1 2, Mégane Erblang 1 2, Rodolphe Dorey 1 2, Michel Genot 4, Edith Perreaut-Pierre 2 4 5, André Pisani 4, Laurent Rocco 4, Fabien Sauvet 1 2, Damien Léger 1, Arnaud Rabat 1 2, Mounir Chennaoui. Using relaxation techniques to improve sleep during naps. Industrial health. 2018 Jun 1;56(3):220-227.
  • Satomi Kato Doi 1, Aya Isumi 1, Yui Yamaoka 2, Shiori Shakagori 3, Juri Yamazaki 2, Kanako Ito 4, Masahiro Shiomi 5, Hidenobu Sumioka 5, Takeo Fujiwara. The effect of breathing relaxation to improve poor sleep quality in adults using a huggable human-shaped device: a randomized controlled trial. Sleep and breathing. 2024 Mar;28(1):429-439.
  • James Doorley 1 2, Jonathan Greenberg 1 2, Matthew Stauder 1 3, Ana-Maria Vranceanu. The role of mindfulness and relaxation in improved sleep quality following a mind-body and activity program for chronic pain. Mindfulness. 2021 Nov;12(11):2672-2680.

Kamillentee, Milch

  • Mohsen Adib-Hajbaghery 1, Seyedeh Nesa Mousavi. The effects of chamomile extract on sleep quality among elderly people: A clinical trial. Complementary therapies in medicine. 2017 Dec:35:109-114.
  • Shao-Min Chang 1, Chung-Hey Chen. Effects of an intervention with drinking chamomile tea on sleep quality and depression in sleep disturbed postnatal women: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of advanced nursing. 2016 Feb;72(2):306-15.
  • Mehrdad Abdullahzadeh, Pegah Matourypour,1 and Sayed Ali Naji. Investigation effect of oral chamomilla on sleep quality in elderly people in Isfahan: A randomized control trial. Journal of Education and Health Promotion. 2017; 6: 53.
  • Suzanna M Zick,corresponding author1 Benjamin D Wright,1 Ananda Sen,1 and J Todd Arnedt. Preliminary examination of the efficacy and safety of a standardized chamomile extract for chronic primary insomnia: A randomized placebo-controlled pilot study. BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies. 2011; 11: 78.
  • Truong Hong Hieu 1 2, Mahmoud Dibas 2 3, Kadek Agus Surya Dila 2 4, Nourin Ali Sherif 2 5, Muhammad Usman Hashmi 2 6, Mostafa Mahmoud 2 7, Nguyen Thi Thuy Trang 1 2, Lava Abdullah 2 8, Thai Le Ba Nghia 2 9, Mai Nhu Y 2 9, Kenji Hirayama 10, Nguyen Tien Huy. Therapeutic efficacy and safety of chamomile for state anxiety, generalized anxiety disorder, insomnia, and sleep quality: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials and quasi-randomized trials. Phytotherapy research. 2019 Jun;33(6):1604-1615.
  • Maija Valtonen 1, Leo Niskanen, Antti-Pekka Kangas, Teuvo Koskinen. Effect of melatonin-rich night-time milk on sleep and activity in elderly institutionalized subjects. Nordic journal of psychiatry. 2005;59(3):217-21.
  • Ali Fakhr-Movahedi 1, Majid Mirmohammadkhani 2, Hossein Ramezani. Effect of milk-honey mixture on the sleep quality of coronary patients: A clinical trial study. Clinical nutrition ESPEN. 2018 Dec:28:132-135.
  • Jinzhong Xu 1,†,Jiaying Lao 2,†,Qingxi Jiang 3,Wenhui Lin 4,Xiyi Chen 2,Chongrong Zhu 2,Shencong He 2,Wenbo Xie 2,Fan Wang 5ORCID,Bo Yang 3,*ORCID andYanlong Liu. Associations between Milk Intake and Sleep Disorders in Chinese Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients. 2023, 15(18), 4079

Haut

  • P Oyetakin-White 1, A Suggs, B Koo, M S Matsui, D Yarosh, K D Cooper, E D Baron. Does poor sleep quality affect skin ageing? Clinical and experimental dermatology. 2015 Jan;40(1):17-22.
  • Usamah M Afzal 1, Faisal R Ali. Sleep deprivation and the skin. Clinical and experimental dermatology. 2023 Sep 19;48(10):1113-1116.
  • Sue Im Jang 1 2 3, Myeongryeol Lee 1 2 3, Jiyeon Han 1, Jeonghwan Kim 1, A Reum Kim 4, Ji Soo An 4, Jin O Park 4, Beom Joon Kim 2 3, Eunjoo Kim. A study of skin characteristics with long-term sleep restriction in Korean women in their 40s. Skin research and technology. 2020 Mar;26(2):193-199.
  • Ellen M S Xerfan 1, Monica L Andersen 2, Anamaria S Facina 3, Sergio Tufik 2, Jane Tomimori. Sleep loss and the skin: Possible effects of this stressful state on cutaneous regeneration during nocturnal dermatological treatment and related pathways. Dermatologic therapy. 2022 Feb;35(2):e15226.
  • Caroline Mann 1, Surajit Gorai 2, Petra Staubach-Renz 1, Mohamad Goldust. Sleep disorders in dermatology – a comprehensive review. Journal der deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft. 2023 Jun;21(6):577-584.
  • V Kahan 1, M L Andersen, J Tomimori, S Tufik. Can poor sleep affect skin integrity? Medical hypotheses. 2010 Dec;75(6):535-7.
  • Damien Léger 1, Caroline Gauriau 2, Cécile Etzi 2, Samuel Ralambondrainy 3, Catherine Heusèle 3, Sylvianne Schnebert 3, Alexandre Dubois 4, Danielle Gomez-Merino 5, Marc Dumas. “You look sleepy…” The impact of sleep restriction on skin parameters and facial appearance of 24 women. Sleep medicine. 2022 Jan:89:97-103.

Testosteron, Libido, Sexualität

  • Liang Su 1, Si-Zheng Zhang 1, Jian Zhu 1, Jie Wu 2, Yong-Zheng Jiao. Effect of partial and total sleep deprivation on serum testosterone in healthy males: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sleep medicine. 2021 Dec:88:267-273.
  • Rachel Leproult, PhD and Eve Van Cauter. JAMA. 2011 Jun 1; 305(21): 2173–2174.
  • Premal Patel 1, Benjamin Shiff 2, Taylor P Kohn 3, Ranjith Ramasamy. Impaired sleep is associated with low testosterone in US adult males: results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. World journal of urology. 2019 Jul;37(7):1449-1453.
  • Gary Wittert. The relationship between sleep disorders and testosterone. Current opinion in endocrinology, diabetes and obesity. 2014 Jun;21(3):239-43.
  • Isaac Smith 1, Ismel Salazar 2, Arindam RoyChoudhury 3, Marie-Pierre St-Onge. Sleep restriction and testosterone concentrations in young healthy males: randomized controlled studies of acute and chronic short sleep. Sleep health. 2019 Dec;5(6):580-586.
  • Monica Levy Andersen 1, Sergio Tufik. The effects of testosterone on sleep and sleep-disordered breathing in men: its bidirectional interaction with erectile function. Sleep medicine reviews. 2008 Oct;12(5):365-79.
  • Monica L Andersen 1, Tathiana F Alvarenga, Renata Mazaro-Costa, Helena C Hachul, Sergio Tufik. The association of testosterone, sleep, and sexual function in men and women. Brain research. 2011 Oct 6:1416:80-104.
  • Huihui Wang # 1 2, Jiyuan Lu # 1, Lingdan Xu # 1, Yanduo Yang 1, Yucheng Meng 1, Yi Li 1, Bin Liu. Obstructive sleep apnea and serum total testosterone: a system review and meta-analysis. Sleep and breathing. 2023 Jun;27(3):789-797.
  • John Axelsson 1, Michael Ingre, Torbjörn Akerstedt, Ulf Holmbäck. Effects of acutely displaced sleep on testosterone. Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism. 2005 Aug;90(8):4530-5.
  • Stephan Budweiser 1, Stefan Enderlein, Rudolf A Jörres, Andre P Hitzl, Wolf F Wieland, Michael Pfeifer, Michael Arzt. Sleep apnea is an independent correlate of erectile and sexual dysfunction. Journal of sexual medicine. 2009 Nov;6(11):3147-57.
  • Yiwei Gu 1 2, ChangJing Wu 1, Feng Qin 1, Jiuhong Yuan. Erectile Dysfunction and Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Review. Frontiers in psychiatry. 2022 May 26:13:766639.
  • S V Kellesarian 1 2, V R Malignaggi 3, C Feng 4, F Javed. Association between obstructive sleep apnea and erectile dysfunction: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Internation journal of impotence research. 2018 Jun;30(3):129-140.
  • Mercè Pascual 1 2, Jordi de Batlle 2 3, Ferran Barbé 2 3, Anabel L Castro-Grattoni 2, Josep M Auguet 1, Lydia Pascual 2, Manel Vilà 2, Anunciación Cortijo 2, Manuel Sánchez-de-la-Torre. Erectile dysfunction in obstructive sleep apnea patients: A randomized trial on the effects of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP). PLOS one. 2018 Aug 8;13(8):e0201930.
  • Luhao Liu 1, Ran Kang 1, Shankun Zhao 1, Tao Zhang 1, Wei Zhu 1, Ermao Li 1, Futian Li 1, Shawpong Wan 1, ZhiGang Zhao. Sexual Dysfunction in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of sexual medicine. 2015 Oct;12(10):1992-2003.
  • Mehmet Kabak 1, Mahir Akbudak. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome as a potential cause of sexual dysfunction in women : Sexual dysfunction in women. Sleep and breathing. 2021 Sep;25(3):1511-1517.
  • Shyam Subramanian 1, Swetha Bopparaju, Ashesh Desai, Tammy Wiggins, Cheryl Rambaud, Salim Surani. Sexual dysfunction in women with obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep and breathing. 2010 Feb;14(1):59-62.
  • Jun Kyu Mun 1, Su Jung Choi 2, Mi-Ri Kang 3, Seung Bong Hong 1, Eun Yeon Joo. Sleep and libido in men with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Sleep medicine. 2018 Dec:52:158-162.
  • Rafael Luboshitzky 1, Ariel Aviv, Aya Hefetz, Paula Herer, Zila Shen-Orr, Lena Lavie, Peretz Lavie. Decreased pituitary-gonadal secretion in men with obstructive sleep apnea. Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism. 2002 Jul;87(7):3394-8.
  • Kang-Lun Jiang 1, Wei Qian 1, Zhi-Qiang Lin 1, Lin Zhao 1, Shu Shao 1, Asad Iqbal Muhammad. Obstructive sleep apnea affects the sexual function of the male patient. National journal of andrology. 2017 Oct;23(10):883-888.
  • Felix Campos-Juanatey,1,2 Marcos Fernandez-Barriales,3 Monica Gonzalez,4 and Jose A Portillo-Martin. Effects of obstructive sleep apnea and its treatment over the erectile function: a systematic review. Asian journal of andrology. 2017 May-Jun; 19(3): 303–310.
  • Pranjal Agrawal 1, Sajya M Singh 1, Jaden Kohn 2, Taylor P Kohn 3, Marisa Clifton. Sleep Disorders Are Associated with Female Sexual Desire and Genital Response – A U.S. Claims Database Analysis. Urology. 2023 Feb:172:79-83.
  • Marian Petersen 1, Ellids Kristensen, Søren Berg, Annamaria Giraldi, Bengt Midgren. Sexual function in female patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Journal of sexual medicine. 2011 Sep;8(9):2560-8.

Offener Mund, Mundatmung

  • Hiroko Tsuda 1, Alan A Lowe, Hui Chen, John A Fleetham, Najib T Ayas, Fernanda R Almeida. The relationship between mouth opening and sleep stage-related sleep disordered breathing. Journal of clinical sleep medicine. 2011 Apr 15;7(2):181-6.
  • Vincent Yi-Fong Su 1, Kun-Ta Chou 2, Chun-Hsien Tseng 3, Chia-Yu Kuo 3, Kang-Cheng Su 4, Diahn-Warng Perng 4, Yuh-Min Chen 4, Shi-Chuan Chang. Mouth opening/breathing is common in sleep apnea and linked to more nocturnal water loss. Biomedical journal. 2023 Jun;46(3):100536.
  • Eun Joong Kim 1, Ji Ho Choi, Kang Woo Kim, Tae Hoon Kim, Sang Hag Lee, Heung Man Lee, Chol Shin, Ki Yeol Lee, Seung Hoon Lee. The impacts of open-mouth breathing on upper airway space in obstructive sleep apnea: 3-D MDCT analysis. European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology. 2011 Apr;268(4):533-9.
  • J C Meurice 1, I Marc, G Carrier, F Sériès. Effects of mouth opening on upper airway collapsibility in normal sleeping subjects. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine. 1996 Jan;153(1):255-9.
  • Chul Hee Lee 1, Ji-Hun Mo, Beom Seok Seo, Dong-Young Kim, In-Young Yoon, Jeong-Whun Kim. Mouth opening during sleep may be a critical predictor of surgical outcome after uvulopalatopharyngoplasty for obstructive sleep apnea. Journal of clinical sleep medicine. 2010 Apr 15;6(2):157-62.
  • Yi-Chieh Lee 1 2, Chun-Ting Lu 3, Wen-Nuan Cheng 4, Hsueh-Yu Li. The Impact of Mouth-Taping in Mouth-Breathers with Mild Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Preliminary Study. Healthcare. 2022 Sep 13;10(9):1755.
  • Plamen Bokov 1, Jacques Dahan 2, Imène Boujemla 3, Benjamin Dudoignon 1, Charles-Victor André 2, Selim Bennaceur 2, Natacha Teissier 4, Christophe Delclaux. Prevalence of mouth breathing, with or without nasal obstruction, in children with moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep medicine. 2022 Oct:98:98-105.
  • Britt Oeverland 1, Harriet Akre, Olav Skatvedt. Oral breathing in patients with sleep-related breathing disorders. Acta oto-laryngologica. 2002 Sep;122(6):651-4.
  • K Miyamoto 1, M M Ozbek, A A Lowe, T T Sjöholm, L L Love, J A Fleetham, C F Ryan. Mandibular posture during sleep in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea. Archives of oral biology. 1999 Aug;44(8):657-64.
  • Ala Al Ali 1, Stephen Richmond 1, Hashmat Popat 1, Rebecca Playle 1, Timothy Pickles 1, Alexei I Zhurov 1, David Marshall 2, Paul L Rosin 2, John Henderson 3, Karen Bonuck. The influence of snoring, mouth breathing and apnoea on facial morphology in late childhood: a three-dimensional study. BMJ open. 2015 Sep 8;5(9):e009027.
  • Seung Hoon Lee 1, Ji Ho Choi, Chol Shin, Heung Man Lee, Soon Young Kwon, Sang Hag Lee. How does open-mouth breathing influence upper airway anatomy? Laryngoscope. 2007 Jun;117(6):1102-6.
  • Sushanth Bhat, M.D.,1 Neola Gushway-Henry, M.D.,1 Peter G. Polos, M.D., Ph.D.,1 Vincent A. DeBari, Ph.D.,2 Sandeep Riar, M.D.,3 Divya Gupta, M.D., F.A.A.S.M.,1 Liudmila Lysenko, M.D.,4 Disha Patel, M.D.,1 Justin Pi, M.D.,5 and Sudhansu Chokroverty. The Efficacy of a Chinstrap in Treating Sleep Disordered Breathing and Snoring. Journal of clinical sleep medicine. 2014 Aug 15; 10(8): 887–892.

Stand 2024-03-20

CE-konformes Medizinprodukt

Datenschutz & Sicherheit

TÜV zertifiziert

Jeder kennt jemanden, der schnarcht.
JETZT TEILEN

https://schnarchfrei.de/quellen-medizinischer-inhalte/